Cannabis Strains 101: The difference between indicas, sativas, and hybrids
What's the difference between sativa, indica, and hybrid cannabis strains? Learn all about and find the top rated cannabis strains that there are for your lifestyle and your health needs. Browse some of our favorite strains by types and characteristics such as THC & CBD levels, terpenes, common effects and more.
The species Cannabis Sativa was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 in his book Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") which lists every species of plant that was known at the time. The word "sativa" means things that are cultivated and it referred to the hemp plants that were found in eastern asia and Europe where they were cultivated for their seeds, fiber, and oil, and used for food, religious, recreational, and medicinal purposes. Then, 32 years later in 1785, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published a description of a second species of Cannabis, which he named Cannabis indica. His description of the newly named species was based on plant specimens he had collected in India. A third species of Cannabis, Cannabis ruderalis, was classified by Russian botanist D. E. Janischewsky in 1924. Cannabis ruderalis, is a low-THC variety or species of Cannabis which is native to Central and Eastern Europe and Russia. Cannabis ruderalis is widely accepted as its own species due to its unique traits which distinguish it from Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa; however, it is widely debated as to whether or not Cannabis ruderalis is a subspecies of Cannabis sativa. Since then the species have been cross bred to produce many hybrid strains or blends that are part indica and part sativa.
Indicas, Sativas, and Hybrids - What’s the difference?
Cannabis strains are generally broken up into 3 different groups: Hybrids, Indicas, and Sativas.
There are lots of differences between the different species of cannabis including the way they are grown, how large they grow, what temperatures they grow in, how long they take to flower, their terpenes, taste, effects, smell, their THC and CBD levels, and more. Remember, Cannabis can affect different people in different ways depending upon your own body, tolerance, surroundings, and settings.
Over 120 different terpenes have also been found in cannabis. The different amounts of these terpenes can have a big influence on the taste and smell of a particular strain – and will even alter the effects of the high.
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